Even among individuals who are familiar with marijuana in one form or another, a great deal of confusion exists about what constitutes hemp and marijuana.
A very important difference is that in the U.S. when CBD oil is derived from hemp plants that have been clinically studied (less than 0.3% THC), it is permitted as a dietary supplement. It is available in all 50 states as an over-the-counter supplement.
If, however, the same CBD oil is extracted from non-research cannabis plants, it has significant criminal consequences and is a Schedule I drug. So the exact same oil can be either an over-the-counter nutritional supplement or a Class I narcotic, along with heroin, LSD, and PCP.
Only a lab test measures how much CBD or THC is present in a plant. THC and CBD have no odor. Neither color, aroma, nor strain is accurate measures of potency.
The health benefits of CBD far exceed the health benefits of THC. Some experts believe largely that 80% of the health benefits come from CBD. In Colorado, the Stanley Brothers developed Charlotte’s Web, which has a ratio of 20:1 CBD to THC and a THC content of less than 0.3%.
There are several other cannabis strains that are very high in cannabidiol and very low in THC. This strain has been specifically developed to treat epilepsy in young children.
A huge variety of cannabis strains exist. Some strains reflect only the fragrance or color of the crystal in the bud. There is a big influence on the naming of cannabis strains, namely the variations in the aroma and taste of the terpenes.
Cannabis also contains several hundred terpenes besides cannabinoids. It is only in cannabis that cannabinoids are found, but terpenes are also found in over 3,000 plant species, herbs, fruits, and vegetables.
Only trace amounts of terpenes are found in the plant oils, however many of them have health benefits.
Beta-caryophyllene, however, delivers health benefits using one of the same endocannabinoid receptors as the use of the cannabinoids. You can find beta-caryophyllene in various plants, including black pepper, hops, cloves, and others.
The “high” is not generated by this strain compared to that associated with THC but is similar to that associated with CBD, which also has several medically beneficial effects.
Among terpenes, only a few are known to be medically significant. All the essential terpenes are available, individually on the market as food supplements.
All fruits and vegetables contain flavonoids, as well as hemp-derived CBD oils, which have strong antioxidant properties. Additionally, these compounds contribute to the natural smell and color of plants.
Whole plant or Full Spectrum hemp-derived CBD oil is made up of terpenes, flavonoids, and other compounds in addition to THC, CBD, and other cannabinoids.
When CBD and terpenes are present in THC compounds, the effects are much more natural and powerful than when THC is present alone.
As a consequence of its presence, CBD, other cannabinoids, and terpenes make a more natural calming effect on the Endocannabinoid System.
We often see the entourage effect used when developing cannabis-based medications, where drugs are often measured by the ratio of CBD to THC.
As an example, children with seizures probably respond best to tinctures diluted at between 18:1 and 20:1. It has a high CBD content and minimal amounts of THC. Pain relief is typically achieved with 1:1 medication.
Here, we will speak only briefly about THC because this is geared towards CBD.
One of the two medically important cannabinoids found in high levels of marijuana is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). THC is the psychoactive cannabinoid contained in marijuana that results in the “high”.
The therapeutic effects of THC are a great deal different from those of CBD, yet there are many medical advantages with THC.
THC is generally associated with addiction. When CBD is combined with THC directly in a 1:1 ratio, the feeling of euphoria is greatly reduced, as well as the chance of becoming addicted as clinical studies have shown.
The cannabinoid THC is the compound associated with causing psychotic or paranoid behavior. When consumed together with CBD the chance of getting these symptoms is. greatly reduced.
Pure CBD tinctures or vaporizers of 100-200 milligrams can be given to those suffering from the adverse effects of recreational marijuana to decrease these effects quickly.
There are approximately 144 different cannabinoids, so we will discuss the ones that are believed to be the most medically important at this time. Future clinical studies may uncover many more. Because the names are often similar, it is preferable to use the abbreviations that have been developed for the cannabinoids.
Cannabinoids all interact with the bodies’ endocannabinoid system to varying degrees and yield a variety of health effects. Because of the federal marijuana study ban since 1970, studies are lacking on lesser-known cannabinoids.
Acidic forms of the cannabinoids are found in the plant instead of oxidized forms, with the letter ‘a’ following their symbol (THCa, CBDa, and THCVa). Acidic forms act differently in the body than oxidized forms.
Research suggests that THCa may have medical advantages that are not available with THC. THCa must be juiced directly from newly harvested cannabis plants , and if the juice is left for several days, it will oxidize to THC.